Most cases of colon cancer occur in people aged 50 years or older. There’s also a higher risk group that includes people with personal or family histories of colon polyps or cancer.
Both inherited genetic and environmental factors play a role in developing colon cancer.
We’ve become extremely good at detecting and removing polyps before they can cause cancer, and this happens through a process called screening. If people at risk for developing colon cancer get screenings regularly, we can prevent many cases of colon cancer.
We can take on a number of healthy habits that can help prevent colon cancer from occurring in the first place. Maintaining a healthy weight, not smoking and being physically active can help stave off the development of colon cancer.